Scanning

I. Finish the following sentences.

1. Under the US Constitution Presidential elections are to be held…

2. Election Day is on…

3. To represent a political party officially a candidate…

4. The first stage of the election process is known as…

5. At the national party conventions the delegates from the states…

6. Having gone through the nomination process the candidate for President must…

7. A running mate is chosen that will balance the party’s ticket. This balance may be geographic - …, or ideological - …

8. This balance is aimed to…

9. Independent candidates must meet such requirements as…

10. While the election campaign the candidates …

11. The Electoral College is …

12. The phenomenon of the “unfaithful” or “faithless” elector means…

13. Should no presidential candidate receive an absolute majority, the House of Representatives …, similarly, the Senate…

II. Answer the following questions.

1. When does the process of elections begin?

2. What process can be characterized as a contest that produces factions within political parties?

3. Why do these divisions impact the policy stances and agendas of the candidates?

4. When do primaries and caucuses take place? What happen during this election stage?

5. Where and how does the candidate for presidency secure a party’s nomination?

6. What is the main principle of choosing a running mate?

7. What is peculiar about the nomination process, if a President runs for re-election?

8. Are independent candidates affiliated with political parties? What requirements must they meet?

9. How do candidates and their team promote their public image?

10. Is the President chosen by direct popular vote?

11. Who do American citizens cast their votes for?

12. What do the electors constitute?

13. What are they pledged to do?

14. What happens on the Monday after the second Wednesday in December?

15. How many electors vote for the candidate who receives the most votes in a state?



16. Where are the votes counted?

17. What happens in case no candidate has secured an absolute majority?

Word Study

I. Translate the following lexical units from the text from English into Russian, prepare questions with these lexical units, based on the text.

to be nominated, to produce factions, to run for nomination/elections, to garner the support (of the party), to reach crescendo, to secure the majority of votes, to balance the party’s ticket, to be affiliated with a political party, to make public appearance, to give speeches, the Electoral College, to be pledged, to assemble, the “unfaithful”/”faithless” elector, “the-winner-takes-it-all” principle.


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